Implementation of the SUN-Movement Program in Managing Stunting Cases: Literature Review

Authors

  • Della Anggraini Putri Della FKM UNSRI
  • Misnaniarti FKM UNSRI
  • Anita Rahmiwati FKM UNSRI

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25311/keskom.Vol9.Iss3.1425

Keywords:

Stunting, Program Konvergensi, SUN-Movement, Balita, Determinan stunting, Balita, Pandemi Covid-19

Abstract

The high incidence of stunting in Indonesia according to SSGI data in 2021 is 24.4% (WHO Target 20%). One of the prevention and control efforts from the government is the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) movement, which is the first 1000 days of life movement based on Presidential Regulation No. 72 of 2021 by carrying out specific interventions. This article aims to analyze the implementation of the SUN-Movement program in overcoming stunting cases. This research uses a literature review method that reviews 9 articles. The articles reviewed were based on the results of screening by reading all and only focusing on SUN-Movement, Stunting Program, Stunting Program, and Stunting. The results of the review of 9 articles in 7 districts in west Indonesia, that of the 9 specific interventions in the SUN-Movement policy, 6 interventions were identified that had been carried out such as in Aceh Besar and Subang exclusive breastfeeding was implemented. Consuming blood supplement tablets for adolescent girls and supplementary nutrition for pregnant women has been implemented in Palembang, Subang, and Bebes. Supplementary food for toddlers in Demak has been implemented. Complementary feeding for infants over 6 months has been implemented in Semarang and Pasaman. However, interventions for toddlers such as nutrition care services, growth and development monitoring, and complete basic immunization have not been implemented. It was revealed that about 3 specific intervention programs in 7 districts in Indonesia had not been implemented.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Misnaniarti, FKM UNSRI

Dosen Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sriwijaya

Anita Rahmiwati, FKM UNSRI

Dosen Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sriwijaya

References

Simanjuntak BY, Haya M, Suryani D, Ahmad CA. Early Inititation of Breastfeeding and Vitamin A Supplementation with Nutritional Status of Children Aged 6-59 Months. Kesmas Natl Public Heal J. 2018;12(3):107–13.

Tamir TT, Techane MA, Dessie MT, Atalell KA. Applied nutritional investigation spatial variation and determinants of stunting among children aged less than 5 y in Ethiopia: A spatial and multilevel analysis of Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2019. Nutrition [Internet]. 2022;103–104(111786):1–9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2022.111786

Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 2 Tahun 2020 Tentang Standar Antropometri Anak. Indonesia; 2020 p. 1–78.

Styawati, Ariany F. Sistem Monitoring Tumbuh Kembang Balita/Batita di Tengah Covid-19 Berbasis Mobile. J Inform Univ Pamulang. 2020;5(4):490–7.

Budiastutik I, Rahfiludin MZ. Faktor Risiko Stunting pada anak di Negara Berkembang. Amerta Nutr. 2019;3(3):122–9.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Buku Saku Hasil Studi Status Gizi Indonesia (SSGI) Tingkat Nasional, Provinsi, dan Kabupaten/Kota Tahun 2021. Indonesia: Badan Litbangkes - Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2021. 1–168 p.

Adriany F, Hayana, Nurhapipa, Septiani W, Sari NP. Hubungan Sanitasi Lingkungan dan Pengetahuan dengan Kejadian Stunting pada Balita di Wilayah Puskesmas Rambah. J Kesehat Glob. 2021;4(1):17–25.

Presiden Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 42 Tahun 2013 Tentang Gerakan Nasional Percepatan Perbaikan Gizi. Indonesia; 2013 p. 1–16.

Rahmanda F, Gurning FP. Analisis Implementasi Kebijakan Pencegahan dan Penanggulangan Stunting Terintegrasi Dalam Program Gerakan 1000 HPK di Puskesmas Pagar Jati. PubHealth J Kesehat Masy. 2022;1(1):18–27.

Wahyuningtias R, Zainafree I. Evaluasi Program Gerakan 1000 Hari Pertama Kehidupan (HPK) Dalam Pencegahan Stunting Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bangsri Ii Kabupaten Jepara. J Kesehat Masy. 2022;10(2):172–7.

Fracassi P, Siekmans K, Baker P. Galvanizing political commitment in the UN Decade of Action for Nutrition : Assessing commitment in member-countries of the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement. Food Policy [Internet]. 2020;90(February 2019):101788. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2019.101788

Subramanian S V., Karlsson O, Kim R. Revisiting The Stunting Metric for Monitoring and Evaluating Nutrition Policies. Lancet Glob Heal [Internet]. 2022;10(2):e179–80. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(21)00504-0

Moura RTA, Bueno NB, Silva-Neto LGR, Pureza IR de OM, Silva MGV da, Cabral MJ, et al. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN Red propolis supplementation does not decrease acute respiratory events in stunted preschool children : A paired nonrandomized clinical trial. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2022;50:264–2269.

Castro-Bedrinana J, Chirinos-Peinado D, Cruz-Calderon GD La. Public Health in Practice Predictive model of stunting in the Central Andean region of Peru based on socioeconomic and agri-food determinants. Public Heal Pract. 2021;2(March):100112.

Berti C, Vecchia A La. Temporal trend of child stunting prevalence and Food and Nutritional Surveillance System. J Pediatr (Rio J) [Internet]. 2022;8(November):10–1. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2022.10.001

Singh KJ, Chiero V, Kriina M, Alee NT, Chauhan K. Identifying The Trend of Persistent Cluster of Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Among Children Under Five Years in Northeastern States of India. Clin Epidemiol Glob Heal [Internet]. 2022;18(October):101158. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cegh.2022.101158

Cao S, Xie M, Jia C, Zhang Y, Gong J, Wang B, et al. Household second-hand smoke exposure and stunted growth among Chinese school-age children. Environ Technol Innov [Internet]. 2022;27:102521. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2022.102521

Mulyaningsih T, Mohanty I, Widyaningsih V, Gebremedhin TA, Miranti R, Wiyono VH. Beyond personal factors: Multilevel determinants of childhood stunting in Indonesia. PLoS One [Internet]. 2021;16(11 November):1–19. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0260265

Argaw D, Hussen Kabthymer R, Endale T, Wudneh A, Daniel Meshesha M, Tadesse Hirbu J, et al. Stunting and Associated Factors Among Primary School Children in Ethiopia: School-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Africa Nurs Sci [Internet]. 2022;17(November 2021):1–8. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijans.2022.100451

Ruducha J, Bhatia A, Mann C, Torlesse H. Multisectoral nutrition planning in Nepal: Evidence from an organizational network analysis. Matern Child Nutr. 2022;18(S1):1–12.

Tschida S, Cordon A, Asturias G, Mazariegos M, Kroker-Lobos MF, Jackson B, et al. Projecting the Impact of Nutrition Policy to Improve Child Stunting: A Case Study in Guatemala Using the Lives Saved Tool. Glob Heal Sci Pract. 2021;9(4):752–64.

Fitrotuzzaqiyah I, Rahayu S. Implementasi Intervensi Spesifik dalam Upaya Pencegahan Stunting Balita di Desa Gambarsari Kecamatan Pagaden Kabupaten Subang. J Nutr Coll. 2022;11(3):236–47.

Astuti DD, Handayani TW, Astuti DP. Cigarette smoke exposure and increased risks of stunting among under- five children. Clin Epidemiol Glob Heal [Internet]. 2020;8(3):943–8. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cegh.2020.02.029

Fufa DA. Determinants of stunting in children under five years in dibate district of Ethiopia : A case-control study. Hum Nutr Metab [Internet]. 2022;30(January):200162. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hnm.2022.200162

Sari N, Manjorang MY, Zakiyah, Randell M. Exclusive Breastfeeding History Risk Factor Associated With Stunting of Children Aged 12–23 Months. Kesmas Natl Public Heal J. 2021;16(1):28–32.

Thurstans S, Sessions N, Dolan C, Sadler K, Cichon B, Isanaka S, et al. The relationship between wasting and stunting in young children: A systematic review. Matern Child Nutr. 2022;18(1):1–25.

S AS, Jati SP. Kebijakan Penyelamatan 1000 Hari Pertama Kehidupan (1000 HPK) dan Penurunan Stunting di Kota Semarang. J Manaj Kesehat Indones. 2018;6(1):1–7.

Gani AA, Hadju V, Syahruddin AN, Otuluwa AS, Palutturi S, Thaha AR. The effect of convergent action on reducing stunting prevalence in under-five children in Banggai District, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Gac Sanit [Internet]. 2021;35(S2):S421–4. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2021.10.066

Saleh A, Syahrul S, Hadju V, Andriani I, Restika I. Role of Maternal in Preventing Stunting : a Systematic Review. Gac Sanit [Internet]. 2021;35(S2):S576–82. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2021.10.087

Pastuty R, KM R, Herawati T. Efektifitas Program Pemberian Makanan Tambahan-Pemulihan Pada Ibu Hamil Kurang Energi Kronik Di Kota Palembang. J Ilmu Kesehat Masy. 2018;9(3):179–88.

Ayelign A, Zerfu T. Heliyon Household , Dietary and Healthcare Factors Predicting Childhood Stunting in Ethiopia. Heliyon [Internet]. 2021;7(April):e06733. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06733

Arumsari W, Supriyati D, Sima P. Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Program Pencegahan Stunting di Era Pandemi Covid-19. J Manaj Kesehat Indones. 2022;10(2):82–94.

Muthia G, Edison, Yantri E. Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Program Pencegahan Stunting Ditinjau dari Intervensi Gizi Spesifik Gerakan 1000 HPK Di Puskesmas Pegang Baru Kabupaten Pasaman. J Kesehat Andalas. 2019;8(4):100–8.

Khasanah NN, Luthfa I, Hasna MY. Program Penguatan Keluarga Sadar Gizi (KADARZI) sebagai Upaya Optimalisasi 1000 HPK dalam Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Wikrama Parahita J Pengabdi Masy. 2022;6(1):89–97.

Rahmi N, Husna A, Andika F, Safitri F. Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Stunting Pada Anak Usia 2-5 Tahun di Puskesmas Darussalam Kabupaten Aceh Besar. J Heal Technol Med. 2022;8(1):23–34.

Norsanti. Efektivitas Program Percepatan Penurunan Stunting di Kecamatan Batumandi Kabupaten Balangan (Studi Kasus Pada Desa Mampari dan Desa Banua Hanyar). J Adm Publik dan Pembang. 2021;3(1):10–21.

Alfi ZCAY, Irwansah A, Utami S, Kamil R. Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Intervensi Gizi Spesifik Penurunan Stunting Pada Sasaran Remaja Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Jatibarang Kabupaten Brebes. J Kesehat Indra Husada. 2021;9(2):51–7.

Wulandari N, Margawati A, Rahfiludin Z. The implementation of nutrition improvement programs for underweight children, wasting and stunting in the Department of Health, Central Buton district, Southeast Sulawesi. J Gizi Indones (The Indones J Nutr. 2021;9(2):86–96.

Correa EM, Gallo C de O, Antunes JLF, Jaime PC. The tendency of stunting among children under fi ve in the Northern Region of Brazil , according to the food and nutrition surveillance system , 2008-2017. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2022;16(September):1–7.

Submitted

2022-12-15

Accepted

2023-04-10

Published

2023-11-30

How to Cite

1.
Della DAP, Misnaniarti, Anita Rahmiwati. Implementation of the SUN-Movement Program in Managing Stunting Cases: Literature Review. J Keskom [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 30 [cited 2024 Apr. 22];9(3):437-4. Available from: https://jurnal.htp.ac.id/index.php/keskom/article/view/1425