The effect bibliotheraphy on depression and anxiety level of breast cancer patient at Arifin Achmad Regional General Hospital of Riau Province

The effect bibliotheraphy


  • bayu saputra a:1:{s:5:"en_US";s:26:"STIKes Hang Tuah Pekanbaru";}
  • Yani Sofiani Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Diana Irawati Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Muhammadiyah Jakarta



anxiety, bibliotherapy, depression, breast cancer patients


Patient with breast cancer who get chemotheraphy has an side effect, one of this effect is psychological problem. The psychological problem among breast cancer patient is about depression and anxiety. The implementation of biblioteraphy has a positive effect on psychological condition. The aim of this research was to identify the effect biblioteraphy method on the level of depression and anxiety of breast cancer patient. The method was used quasy experimental pretest-postest with intervention control group design. The sampel was 32 respondents using purposive sampling technique wich divided into 2 groups, the intervention group received biblioteraphy story telling method and pray of Prophet Ayyub Alaihisalam while the control group without intervention.The evaluation of psychological aspect depression and anxiety used Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) in bahasa. The analysis of depression and anxiety changes measured using independent t-test. The result: There was a significant relationship between level of depression and anxiety in pre and post on respondents who received intervention and without intervention. Conclusion: the applying of intervention of biblioteraphy method with frequency as much as 5 time and maximum in 45 minutes proved in lowering level of depression and anxiety. It is suggested for applying bibliotheraphy when giving nursing care of breast cancer patient. The future research should investigate other aspect such as education and environment against level of depression and anxiety.


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How to Cite

bayu saputra, Sofiani Y, Irawati D. The effect bibliotheraphy on depression and anxiety level of breast cancer patient at Arifin Achmad Regional General Hospital of Riau Province : The effect bibliotheraphy. J Keskom [Internet]. 2019 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 May 28];5(3):248-53. Available from: