Family Support with Diabetes Self-Management in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Systematic Review


  • Safaruddin Safaruddin Studi Magister Keperawatan Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan, Universitas Indonesia Depok
  • Henny Permatasari Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran JakartaProgram Studi Keperawatan, Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan, Universitas Indonesia, Depok



Self-Management; Family support; uncontrolled glycemia; DM Type 2


Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease in the form of metabolic disorders characterized by blood sugar levels increase more than the normal threshold and is the top 10 cause of death globally. Ongoing DM care requires effective self-management education and support for patients and family members. The objective is to review family support interventions as a basic concept to improve people's self-management of diabetes. Using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis) method from three databases, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus were reviewed for relevant articles. Results found that overall, family support had a positive impact on a healthy diet, increased perceived support, higher self-efficacy, improved psychological well-being, and better glycemic control. This systematic review found evidence that DSME with family support improves self-management behaviors and health outcomes among uncontrolled glycemic T2D patients. It is concluded demonstrating a DSME model that includes family involvement could be a useful direction for improving diabetes care.


Download data is not yet available.


Andersen, J. A., Felix, H., Selig, J., Rowland, B., Bing, W., Hudson, J., Niedenthal, J., Otuafi, H., Riklon, S., Azures, E., George, A., & McElfish, P. A. (2021). Feasibility and efficacy of a pilot family model of diabetes self-management intervention in the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 23(July), 100824.

Andriyanto, A., & Hidayati, R. N. (2018). LITERATURE REVIEW: PEMANFAATAN MEDIA PROMOSI KESEHATAN (SMARTPHONE) DALAM MENCEGAH DAN MENGENDALIKAN KADAR GULA DIABETES TIPE 2 (Literature Review: Utilization of Health Promotion Media (Smartphone) To Prevent and Control Glucose Type 2 Diabetes). Jurnal Ners Dan Kebidanan, 5(2), 172–177.

Baig, A. A., Benitez, A., Quinn, M. T., & Burnet, D. L. (2015). Family interventions to improve diabetes outcomes for adults. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1353(1), 89–112.

Bingga, I. A. (2021). Kaitan kualitas tidur dengan diabetes melitus tipe 2.

Brunisholz, K. D., Briot, P., Hamilton, S., Joy, E. A., Lomax, M., Barton, N., Cunningham, R., Savitz, L. A., & Cannon, W. (2014). Diabetes self-management education improves quality of care and clinical outcomes determined by a diabetes bundle measure. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 7, 533–542.

International Diabetic Association. (2017). Eighth edition 2017. In IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition.

L. Norris, S., Joseph, L., S.Jay, S., H. Schmid, C., & M. Engelgau, M. (2010). Self-Management Education for Adults With Type 2 Diabetes A meta-analysis of the effect on glycemic control. Diabetes Care, 25(7), 1159–1171.

Lyles, C. R., Ratanawongsa, N., Bolen, S. D., & Samal, L. (2017). mHealth and health information technology tools for diverse patients with diabetes. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2017.

Moradi, G., Shokri, A., Mohamadi-Bolbanabad, A., Zareie, B., & Piroozi, B. (2021). Evaluating the quality of care for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus based on the HbA1c: A national survey in Iran. Heliyon, 7(3), e06485.

Nugroho, W. (2008). Keperawatan Gerontik & Geriatri (EGC (ed.); 3). EGC.

Nuraini, F., Yogyakarta, R., Laksda, J., Km, A., Sleman, D., & Abstrak, Y. (2016). Rancang Bangun Sistem Informasi Diagnosa Keperawatan Aktual Pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus. Jurnal Teknologi Informasi, 31, 7.

Riyadi, A., & Muflihatin, S. K. (2020). Hubungan Penerimaan Diri dengan Manajemen Diri pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe II di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Palaran Kota Samarinda. Borneo Student Research, 2(1), 144–150.

Umar, R., Mariana, A. R., & Purnamasari, O. (2017). Perancangan Sistem Pakar Diagnosa Penyakit Diabetes Melitus Menggunakan Metode Forward Chaining Berbasis Web. Jurnal Sisfotek Global, 7(1), 108–113.

Wulandari, I., Kusnanto, K., Wibisono, S., & Puspitasari, T. (2020). Family Experience of Caring for a Diabetes Mellitus Patient : A Qualitative Study. Jurnal Ners, 15(2), 75–81.

Yun, Q., Ji, Y., Liu, S., Shen, Y., Jiang, X., Fan, X., Liu, J., & Chang, C. (2020). Can autonomy support have an effect on type 2 diabetes glycemic control? Results of a cluster randomized controlled trial. BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, 8(1), 1–8.







How to Cite

Safaruddin S, Permatasari H. Family Support with Diabetes Self-Management in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Systematic Review. J Keskom [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 17 [cited 2024 Apr. 13];8(2):195-204. Available from: