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Relationship of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Socioeconomics with Girl Adolescents' Anemia Prevention Behaviorin Sirnagalih Village, Bogor

Authors

  • Ayu Magdalena Natalia Situmeang Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
  • Apriningsih Apriningsih Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
  • Feda Anisah Makkiyah Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta
  • Widayani Wahyuningtyas Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25311/keskom.Vol8.Iss1.1126

Keywords:

Knowledge, anemia prevention behavior, adolescent girls, attitudes, socioeconomics

Abstract

The coexistence of anemia is widespread in low-middle income countries, and several contributing factors include poverty, limited knowledge related to anemia prevention, and inadequate nutrient intake. This study aims to study and discover the relationship of knowledge, attitudes, and socioeconomic status with efforts to prevent iron nutrition anemia in young women in Sirnagalih Village, Bogor. This research is quantitative research with the design of a cross-sectional study using primary data. The population in this research is a young woman in Sirnagalih Village who is 10-19 years old and has been menstruating. The sample selection method used in research is the “quota sampling” technique with 72 people as subjects. The data analysis was conducted with univariate tests to describe sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to anemia prevention in adolescent girls, bivariate tests with Chi-squares, and multivariate tests using logistic regression. It was found that the level of knowledge and attitudes of adolescent girls towards anemia in Sirnagalih village is still quite low. The results found that variables related to anemia prevention behavior are knowledge (p-value 0.005), attitude (p-value 0.021), and family income (0.021). The results of the multivariate analysis revealed that family income was the most influential independent variable, with a POR value of 12,068 (95% CI 2,447–59,523; p = 0.002). Besides the income variable, there were knowledge and attitude variables that correlated with adolescent girls' preventive behavior. So, there is a need for cross-sectoral efforts to increase family income and the role of community health care in increasing the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents through promotional education related to anemia prevention.

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References

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Submitted

2022-02-08

Accepted

2022-03-22

Published

2022-04-30

Versions

How to Cite

1.
Situmeang AMN, Apriningsih A, Makkiyah FA, Wahyuningtyas W. Relationship of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Socioeconomics with Girl Adolescents’ Anemia Prevention Behaviorin Sirnagalih Village, Bogor. J Keskom [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 5];8(1):32-9. Available from: https://jurnal.htp.ac.id/index.php/keskom/article/view/1126