Analysis Effect of Density, Crowded and Socio-Economic on the Psychological Well-Being of Housewives

Authors

  • Eka Febriyanti Universitas Riau
  • Zulfan Saam Program Studi Pascasarjana Ilmu Lingkungan, Universitas Riau
  • Sri Wahyuni Departemen Jiwa Komunitas Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Riau

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25311/keskom.Vol10.Iss1.1334

Keywords:

Crowd, Density, Psychological Wellbeing, Socio-Economic.

Abstract

The level of psychological well-being is a form of mental health through the achievement of the individual's relationship with the surrounding environment, consisting of social interactions, personal relationships, and life satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of density, tightness, and socioeconomic status on the psychological well-being of housewives (IRT). The research method is correlated with a cross-sectional design and sampling technique using simple random sampling totaling 171 IRT. The place of research is in one of the coastal areas of Pekanbaru City, Riau. The questionnaire used is divided into 4, namely density, tightness, socio-economic, and Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale (RPWB). The results of the study found that there were problems of density (62.6%), social congestion (5.3%), and space congestion (6.4%) as well as low economic problems (58.5%). The results of this study indicate that there is no relationship between density (p = 0.158) of crowding (p = 0.693) and socioeconomic (p = 0.777), with the level of psychological well-being (p > 0.05). The researcher suggests that further studies are needed on the factors that influence people living in densely populated areas based on the values ​​and culture they hold.

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Submitted

2022-09-13

Accepted

2023-10-11

Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

1.
Febriyanti E, Saam Z, Wahyuni S. Analysis Effect of Density, Crowded and Socio-Economic on the Psychological Well-Being of Housewives. J Keskom [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Apr. 22];10(1):1-7. Available from: https://jurnal.htp.ac.id/index.php/keskom/article/view/1334