Do Parents Use The Internet And Social Media To Child Health-Seeking Information?


  • Riza Hayati Ifroh Faculty of Public Health, Mulawarman University
  • Lies Permana Faculty of Public Health, Mulawarman University



Social media, Internet, Child health


Parents in the digital era increasingly use the internet and social media to search for health information on their children, as well as provide opportunities to interact with other users to discuss children's health issues. The purposes of this study is to analyze the patterns of internet use and social media use by parents based on the age category of the child and the most of platform and health topic information that access by parents. The design study was a cross-sectional quantitative study. The target group research was parents who have children aged < 5 to 12 years, have internet access, actively use gadgets, and agreed to be a participant in this study. The technique of sampling used nonprobability sampling with accidental sampling. The data was taken by Google form application to 285 respondents. The results of this study were most of the parents were in urban areas (65.3%) with the majority being housewives (79.6%). The use of the internet by parents to search for health information with a frequency of less than 2 times per week (47.4%) uses a smartphone (91.9%). There is a statistical difference in the use of Instagram social media for parents in searching for health and non-health information (p-value: <0.001), and the use of Tiktok for non-health information (p-value: <0.001). The topics that are most reviewed by parents with children under the age of 5 are allergies, child nutrition, and the dangers of using gadgets in children (screen time). Parents who have children aged 5-11 years and 12 years and over are also looking for information about child nutrition, screen time, and extras such as accidents, bullying, and reproductive health.


Download data is not yet available.


Antheunis, M. L., Tates, K., & Nieboer, T. E. (2013). Patients’ and health professionals’ use of social media in health care: Motives, barriers and expectations. Patient Education and Counseling, 92(3), 426–431.

Ashfield, S., & Donelle, L. (2020). Parental Online Information Access and Childhood Vaccination Decisions in North America: Scoping Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(10), 1–11.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2018). Riskesdas 2018.

Bryan, M. A., Evans, Y., Morishita, C., Midamba, N., & Moreno, M. (2020). Parental Perceptions of the Internet and Social Media as a Source of Pediatric Health Information. Academic Pediatrics, 20(1), 31–38.

Central Bureau of Statistics of East Kalimantan. (2021). East Kalimantan Province in Numbers.

Davis, M., Clark, S. J., Singer, D. C., Hale, K., Matos-Moreno, A., & Kauffman, A. D. (2015). Parents on social media: Likes and dislikes of sharenting. Access On, 6(2), 2019.

Fischer, V. J., Andersson, G., Billieux, J., & Vögele, C. (2021). A randomized controlled trial of an Internet-based emotion regulation intervention for sexual health: study protocol. Trials, 22(1), 1–11.

Grajales, F. J., Sheps, S., Ho, K., Novak-Lauscher, H., & Eysenbach, G. (2014). Social media: A review and tutorial of applications in medicine and health care. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 16(2).

Hart, L. M., Damiano, S. R., Cornell, C., & Paxton, S. J. (2015). What parents know and want to learn about healthy eating and body image in preschool children: A triangulated qualitative study with parents and Early Childhood Professionals. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 1–13.

Hassen, H. M., Behera, M. R., Jena, P. K., & Satpathy, S. K. (2020). A quasi-experimental and Guided Social Media Intervention to Improve Mental Health Literacy Level of Urban School Adolescents in Ethiopia: A Detailed Study Protocol. 1–18.

Henshaw, E. J., Cooper, M. A., Jaramillo, M., Lamp, J. M., Jones, A. L., & Wood, T. L. (2018). “Trying to Figure Out If You’re Doing Things Right, and Where to Get the Info”: Parents Recall Information and Support Needed During the First 6 weeks Postpartum. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 22(11), 1668–1675.

Hirvonen, M., Purcell, C., Elliott, L., Bailey, J. V., Simpson, S. A., McDaid, L., Moore, L., Mitchell, K. R., Forsyth, R., Barry, S., Hunter, R., McCann, M., Wetherall, K., & Broccatelli, C. (2021). Peer-to-peer sharing of social media messages on sexual health in a school-based intervention: Opportunities and challenges identified in the stash feasibility trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 23(2), 1–9.

Holmberg, C., Berg, C., Dahlgren, J., Lissner, L., & Chaplin, J. E. (2019). Health literacy in a complex digital media landscape: Pediatric obesity patients’ experiences with online weight, food, and health information. Health Informatics Journal, 25(4), 1343–1357.

Ifroh, R. H., & Asrianti, T. (2020). Health Literacy, Media Exposure and Behavior Among Young Adults During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, 11(3), 223–236.

Kiss, H., Fitzpatrick, K. M., & Piko, B. F. (2020). The digital divide: Risk and protective factors and the differences in problematic use of digital devices among Hungarian youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 108(November 2019), 104612.

Lawrence, P. R., Feinberg, I., & Spratling, R. (2021). The relationship of parental health literacy to health outcomes of children with medical complexity. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 60, 65–70.

Liu, Q., Zheng, Z., Zheng, J., Chen, Q., & Liu, G. (2020). Health Communication Through News Media During the Early Stage of the COVID-19 Outbreak in China : Digital Topic Modeling Approach Corresponding Author : 22.

Maeve, D., Amanda, L., Cliffe, L., & Ellison, N. B. (2015). Parents and Social Media. Pew Research Center, July, 1–36.

Manganello, J. A. (2008). Health literacy and adolescents: A framework and agenda for future research. Health Education Research, 23(5), 840–847.

Masefield, S. C., Prady, S. L., Sheldon, T. A., Small, N., Jarvis, S., & Pickett, K. E. (2022). The Effects of Caring for Young Children with Developmental Disabilities on Mothers’ Health and Healthcare Use: Analysis of Primary Care Data in the Born in Bradford Cohort. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 34(1), 67–87.

Mesch, G. S. (2009). Parental mediation, online activities, and cyberbullying. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 12(4), 387–393.

Nagy-p, G., & Vincze, F. (2020). Contributing Factors in Adolescents ’ Mental Well-Being — The Role of Socioeconomic Status , Social Support , and Health Behavior. Sustainability, 12(9597), 1–17.

Nutbeam, D. (2000). Health literacy as a public health goal: A challenge for contemporary health education and communication strategies into the 21st century. Health Promotion International, 15(3), 259–267.

Patwardhan, P., & Yang, J. (2003). Internet Dependency Relations and Online Consumer Behavior. Journal of Interactive Advertising, 3(2), 57–69.

Permana, L., Ifroh, R. H., & Wiranto, A. (2021). Pola Pencarian Informasi Kesehatan Anak dan Komunikasi Ibu Balita di Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Inovasi Penelitian, 2(1), 167–180.

Pretorius, K., Johnson, K. E., & Rew, L. (2019). An Integrative Review: Understanding Parental Use of Social Media to Influence Infant and Child Health. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 23(10), 1360–1370.

Rafiq, M. (2012). Dependency Theory (Melvin L. DeFleur dan Sandra Ball Rokeach). HIKMAH, Vol. VI, No.01 Januari 2012, 01-13, VI(2), 01–13.

Saari, M., & Downing, K. J. (2022). Exploring Parents Perception Of Online Learning Through A Systematic Literature Review. Borneo International Journal, 5(1), 8–15.

Soroya, S. H., Farooq, A., Mahmood, K., Isoaho, J., & Zara, S. e. (2021). From information seeking to information avoidance: Understanding the health information behavior during a global health crisis. Information Processing and Management, 58(2), 102440.

Stead, M., Angus, K., Langley, T., Katikireddi, S. V., Hinds, K., Hilton, S., Lewis, S., Thomas, J., Campbell, M., Young, B., & Bauld, L. (2019). Mass media to communicate public health messages in six health topic areas: a systematic review and other reviews of the evidence. Public Health Research, 7(8).

Syahailatua, J., & Kartini, K. (2020). Pengetahuan ibu tentang tumbuh kembang berhubungan dengan perkembangan anak usia 1-3 tahun. Jurnal Biomedika Dan Kesehatan, 3(2), 77–83.

Tamana, S. K., Ezeugwu, V., Chikuma, J., Lefebvre, D. L., Azad, M. B., Moraes, T. J., Subbarao, P., Becker, A. B., Turvey, S. E., Sears, M. R., Dick, B. D., Carson, V., Rasmussen, C., Pei, J., & Mandhane, P. J. (2019). Screen-time is associated with inattention problems in preschoolers: Results from the CHILD birth cohort study. PLoS ONE, 14(4), 1–15.

Wang, X., Shi, J., & Kong, H. (2021). Online Health Information Seeking: A Review and Meta-Analysis. Health Communication, 36(10), 1163–1175.

Watkins, I., & Xie, B. (2014). eHealth Literacy Interventions for Older Adults : A Systematic Review of the Literature Corresponding Author : 16.

Wisniewski, P., Jia, H., Xu, H., Rosson, M. B., & Carroll, J. M. (2015). “preventative” vs. “reactive”: How parental mediation influences teens’ social media privacy behaviors. CSCW 2015 - Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, 302–316.








How to Cite

Ifroh RH, Permana L. Do Parents Use The Internet And Social Media To Child Health-Seeking Information?. J Keskom [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 4 [cited 2024 Feb. 24];8(2):171-80. Available from: