Food and Macronutrient Avalaibility Does an Enabling Environment on Stunting Reduction in Selected Asian Region: FAO Food Balance Sheets Data Analysis


  • Jufran Juanda FKM UI
  • Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika FKMUI
  • Diah Utari FKMUI



Introduction, stunting interventions have not touched the basic determinant, namely the food system, which starts from the formation of food availability patterns at the national level. This study aims to find patterns of food availability and macronutrients that determine the prevalence of stunting in 23 Asian countries in 3 regions.

Methods, Ecological study research design using secondary data from the Food Balances Sheet from the FAO Food Agency downloaded via the internet.

Results, Availability of energy, protein, and fat in Southeast Asia and South Asia is lower than West Asia which has a stunting prevalence of <15%. The lower the availability of macronutrients, the higher the prevalence of stunting.

In conclusion, the availability of food and macronutrients that are close to the proportion of healthy consumption patterns is an environmental enabler for stunting reduction.


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Author Biographies

Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika, FKMUI

Departement of Public Health Nutrition

Diah Utari, FKMUI

Departement of Public Health Nutrition


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How to Cite

Juanda J, Sartika RAD, Utari D. Food and Macronutrient Avalaibility Does an Enabling Environment on Stunting Reduction in Selected Asian Region: FAO Food Balance Sheets Data Analysis. J Keskom [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 5];8(2):362-71. Available from: