The level of knowledge, attitudes and family skills in caring elderly in psychosocial function

Tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan keterampilan keluarga dalam merawat fungsi psikososial Lansia


  • abdurrahman hamid a:1:{s:5:"en_US";s:26:"STIKes Hang Tuah Pekanbaru";}
  • Agnita Utami STIKes Hang Tuah Pekanbaru



Attitude, Elderly, Psychosocial Function, Knowledge, Skill



A healthy older adult  life cannot be achieved alone by the older adult , but also requires the involvement of family members. Achieving optimal quality of life in the older adult  must be supported by psychosocial care. Family members help the older adult  meet their needs in achieving optimal quality of life. The purpose of this research is to help to provide an overview of family knowledge, attitudes and skills in caring for the psychosocial older adult . In this case the psychosocial function is memory, intellectual function, orientation of time and place. The sample in this study amounted to 30 families with a purposive sampling method. Data collection using the instrument in the form of a questionnaire and using the method of interviews and direct observation of families who have older adult  family members. The results of the study revealed that the level of knowledge and skills was largely low, and family attitudes in caring for the older adult  were high. This shows that families with the older adult  still need an increase in knowledge about the care of psychotic functions, and an increase in knowledge will also have an impact on improving attitudes and skills in caring for the older adult  by family members. This research can be a reference to determine the form of activities that support the improvement of psychosocial functions of the older adult .


Download data is not yet available.


Aguirre, E, et al. (2014). The effects of a Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) programme for people with dementia on famuly caregivers’ health. BMCGeriatric, 14:31
Allender, J.A., Rector, C.,& Warner, K.D. (2014).Community & Public Health Nursing Promoting The Public’s Health(8th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Alexandre, T.S., Cordeiro, R. C., & Ramos, L. R. (2009). Factors associated to quality oflife in active older adult . Rev Saúde Pública, 43(4), 613-621
Anderson, E.T. & Mc.Farlane, J. (2011). Community as partner theory and practice in nursing (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Angel, R. J., Angel, J. L., & Hill, T. D. (2009). Subjective control and health among Mexican-origin elders in Mexico and the United States: Structural considerations in comparative research. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 64B, 390–401.
Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2013). Riset kesehatan dasar: Riskesdas 2013. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI
Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). (2013). Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia Indonesia Population Projection 2010-2035. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik
Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Depok. (2012). Kota Depok dalam Angka 2012. Diakses dari:
Banon, W. A. (2011). Assessing mental health and psychosocial needs and resources Toolkit for humanitarian settings.
Baugarten M.,Battista R N., Rivard C I.,Harley J A.,Becker R.,Gautheir S.(2012). The psychological and physical health of family members caring for an older adult person with psychosocial disorders. Jurnal of Clinical Epidemiology.Vol 45.Elsevier
Beck.L.A.(2012). Development through The lifespan.
Chen, I.-J., Chou, C.-L., Yu, S., & Cheng, S.-P. (2008). Health services utilization and cost utility analysis of a walking program for residential community older adult . Nursing Economic$, 26(4), 263–9.
DEPKES .(2015). Infodatin Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia: Situasi dan Analisis Lanjut usia.
Deary I.J., et al. (2009). Age-associated cognitive decline. British Medical Bulletin; 92: 135-152. DOI: 10.1093/bmb/ldp033.
Elbaz A, Vicente-Vytopilova P, Tavernier B, et al. (2013). Motor function in the older adult : evidence for the reserve hypothesis. Neurology;81:417-26
Eskhoor, et al. (2015). Mild cognitive impairment and tis management in olderpeople. Clinical Interventions in Aging 2015:10 687–693. 10.2147/CIA.S73922
Evans, J. J., Greenfield, E., Wilson, B. a, & Bateman, A. (2009). Walking and talking therapy: improving cognitive-motor dual-tasking in neurological illness. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS, 15(1), 112–120.
Forsman, A., Nordmyr, J.,Wahlbeck, K.(2011).Psychosocial interventions for the promotionof mental health and the prevention of depression among older adults.Health Promotion International, Vol. 26 No. S1 doi:10.1093/heapro/dar074
Friedman, Marilyn M, Bowden, Jones. (2010). Buku ajar Keperawatan Keluarga:Riset, Teori, & Praktik. Alih bahasa, Achir Yani S.Hamid et all. Edisi 5Jakarta: EGC
Friedman,H.S.(2013).Personality and Health, Subjective Well-Being, and Longevity. Journal of Personality:Volume 78, Issue 1, pages 179–216, February 2013
Gallagher G.,Thompson R.,Dolores G.,Coon D W.(2013).Evidance-based psychosocial treatments for distress in family caregivers of older adults. Psychology an aging. Vol 22 (2013).
Geda, Y., et al. (2010). Physical Excercise and Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Population-Based Study. Arch Neurol.January; 67 (1): 80-86.doi:10.1001/arsneurol.2009.297
Gillis C. L & Davis L.L. (2013). Does family intervention make a difference? An Interview and metaanalysis. Newbury park.C.A Sage.
Inoue, S., Ohya, Y., Odagiri, Y., Takamiya, T., Kamada, M., Okada, S.,Shimomitsu, T. (2011). Perceived Neighborhood Environment and Walking for Specific Purposes Among Older adult Japanese. Journal of Epidemiology, 21(6), 481–490.
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2010). Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, No 264: Pedoman penanggulangan masalah kesehatan intelegensia akibat gangguan degeneratif. Kementerian Kesehatan RI
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2015). Hasil Riskesdas 2014. Jakarta: KementerianKesehatan RI
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2015). Pedoman Penanggulangan MasalahKesehatan Intelegensia Akibat Gangguan Degeneratif. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2015). Buku Pintar posbindu PTM:Penyelenggaraan Posbindu PTM. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI
Kaakinene, J.R, Coehlo, D.P, Duff, V.G, & hanson, S.M. (2010). Family health care nursing: Theory, practice, and research. Philadelphia: F.A. DavisCompany
Lautenschlager et al (2011). The influence of exercise on brain aging and dementia. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1822 (2012) 474-481. ElseiverB.V. doi: 10.1016/j.bbadis.2011.07.010
Lin, et al (2012). Caring for Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment. Journal of Gerontological Nursing. Vol.38, No.12
Malhotra et al. (2013). Diagnostic Performance of Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire for Screening Dementia Among Patients Attending Cognitive Assessment Clinics in Singapor. Annals Academy of Medicine:July 2013, Vol 42 No 7
Meiner S.E & Luecknotte D. (2011). Gerontologic Nursing. Fourth Edition. St Louise: Mosby Elseiver
Marchira C. R., Wirasto R T., Sumarni DW .(2014). Pengaruh faktor-faktor psikososial dan insomnia terhadap depresi pada lansia. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat Vol. 23, No. 1, Maret 2014
Maurer, F. A., & Smith, C. M. (2005). Community/Public Health Nursing Practice: Health for Families and Populations. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders.
Maglaya et al (2009). Nursing Practice In The Community. Marikina: Argonauta Corporations
Mauk, K.L. (2013). Gerontological nursing : competencies for care. London: Jones and Bartlett Publishers International.
Mertha, I,M,.(2010). Pengaruh latihan aktifitas rehabilitasi jantung Fase 1 terhadap efikasi diri dan kecemasan pada lansi dengan penyakit jantung koroner.Universitas Indonesia.
Miller, C. A. (2012). Nursing for wellness in older adult: theory and practice (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Naqvi, et al. (2013). Preventing cognitive decline in healthy older adults. Canadian Medical Association.
Nugroho. H. A.(2007). Perubahan Fungsi Fisik Dan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Respon Psikososial Pada Lansia Di Kelurahan Kembangarum Semarang. Home Vol 1, No 1 (2007)
Peavy. G.M. (2012). The Influence of Chronic Stress on Dementia-Related Diagnostic Change in Older Adults. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2012July ; 26(3): 260–266. doi:10.1097/WAD.0b013e3182389a9c.
Putri Y, Riasmini. (2013). Prediktor Beban merawat Dan Depresi CaregiverDalam Merawat lanjut Usia Dengan Demensia Di Masyarakat. FakultasIlmu Keperawatan indonesia. Tidak dipublikasikan
Prasetyo H., Hamid A.,Susanti S.(2010). Peran medical check-up terhadap aktifitas fisik dasar Lansia: studi panel kelompok lanjut usia 1993 – 2000. MAKARA, KESEHATAN, VOL. 11, NO. 2, DESEMBER 2010: 90-96
Schulz, R & Martire, L. M.(2014). Family caregiving of person with dementia: Prevalence, health effects and supports strategies. The American Journal Of Geriatric Psychiatry. Vol 12, issue 3: Elsevier
Schmid. J. (2012). Game and Puzzles for Alzheimer’s. Best Product for older adult alzhemers. http//
Snyder, M., Lindquist R. (2010). Complementary & Alternative Therapies in Nursing. Sixth Edition. New York: Springer Publishing Company
Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2016). Public health nursing population centered health care in the community(8th ed.)Missouri: Elsevier
Tappen, R.M.,Roach, K.E., Applegate, B.,Stowell, P.(2013). Effect of a combined walking and conversation intervention on functional mobility of nursing home resident with Alzheimer disease. NIH Public Access.
The National Academy for Psychosocial Health on Aging’s website (NAPHA). (2015).Psychosocial Health in Geriatric Care Why is Psychosocial Health Important in Geriatric Care?.
Trihapsari, Y. (2009). Gangguan pola tidur dan status psikososial pada lansia di Kelurahan Sukatani Cimanggis Depok. Universitas Indonesia:
World Health Organization (WHO). (2016). Health statistics and information systems Definition of an older or elderly person. Proposed Working Definition of an Older Person in Africa for the MDS Project.
Xiangni, et al. (2013). Prevalence and predictors of mild cognitivie impairment in Xi’an: A Community-based Study among the elders. Diakses Vol 8. Issue 12/e83217. Pada tanggal 10 Februari 2016







How to Cite

hamid abdurrahman, Utami A. The level of knowledge, attitudes and family skills in caring elderly in psychosocial function: Tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan keterampilan keluarga dalam merawat fungsi psikososial Lansia. J Keskom [Internet]. 2019 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 May 27];5(3):212-7. Available from:

Most read articles by the same author(s)