HIV-TB Co-Infection: A Cross-Sectional Study


  • Intan Pertiwi RSPI Prof Dr Sulianti Saroso
  • Cicilia Windiyaningsih Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Respati Indonesia
  • Adria Rusli RSPI Prof Dr Sulianti Saroso
  • Farida Murtiani RSPI Prof Dr Sulianti Saroso



WHO states that co-infection of the disease that is often experienced by HIV/AIDS patients is Tuberculosis and is the main cause of mortality for HIV/AIDS patients. This study aims to determine the determinants of HIV-TB infection. Analytical research using case-control study design. The research sample was medical record data of HIV-TB co-infected patients at RSPI Prof. Dr. Sulianti Saroso in 2011-2016. The sample size is 160 with a random sampling technique. Analysis of univariate, bivariate, and multivariate data. The results showed that the factors of access to health facilities, weight loss, comorbid with other OIs, CD4 values ​​6 months after ARV and COPD were associated with HIV-TB infection with HIV in patients and the determinant factor of HIV-TB infection was weight loss. The incidence of HIV-TB Co-Infection can be influenced by factors of the patient's clinical condition and environmental factors. To improve services at the HIV department and TB DOTS department it is necessary to measure body weight for the nutritional status of HIV/AIDS patients.


Download data is not yet available.


Djoerban Z. HIV/AIDS di Indonesia Dalam buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Jilid III Edisi ke V. 2009.

WHO. TB-HIV Indonesia ; Update, 2014. 2014; Available from:

WHO. Data Epidemiologi HIV. 2015;

Kemenkes RI. Pedoman Nasional Pengendalian Tuberkulosis-Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 364. Kementeri Kesehat Republik Indones. 2014;(Pengendalian Tuberkulosis):110.

Kemenkes. Progam Pengendalian HIV AIDS dan PIMS Fasilitas Kesehatan Tingkat Pertama. Kementeri Kesehat RI. 2012;4247608(021):613–4.

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 87 Tahun 2014 Tentang Pedoman Pengobatan Antiretroviral. Menteri Kesehat Republik Indones Peratur Menteri Kesehat Republik Indones. 2015;Nomor 75(879):2004–6.

Kesehatan K, Indonesia R. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2015. 2016.

Soemirat JS. Epidemiologi Lingkungan. Edisi Revisi. 2011.

Sianida A. Faktor – Faktor Ko- Infeksi TB Paru Pada Pasien HIV/AIDS Di BKPM Semarang. 2015;

Soemantri S, Senewe FP, Tjandrarini DH, Day R, Basri C, Manissero D, et al. Three-fold reduction in the prevalence of tuberculosis over 25 years in Indonesia. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007;11(4):398–404.

Permitasari DA. Faktor Resiko Terjadinya Koinfeksi Tuberkulosis pada Pasien HIV/AIDS di RSUP DR. KARIADI Semarang. 2012;1–54. Available from:

Notoatmojo S. Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Prinsip-prinsip Dasar. 2003.

de Carvalho BM, Monteiro AJ, da Justa Pires Neto R, Grangeiro TB, Frota CC. Factors related to HIV/tuberculosis coinfection in a Brazilian reference hospital. Brazilian J Infect Dis. 2008;12(4):281–6.

Widoyono. Penyakit Tropis, Epidemiologi, Penularan, Pencegahan, dan Pemberantasannya. 2008.

Kemenkes RI. Pedoman Nasional Tata Laksana Klinis Infeksi HIV Dan Terapi Antitretroviral Pada Orang Dewasa. Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan. 2011.

Parto Dikromo N. Factors Associated to Success Tuberculosis Therapy of Co-infection TB-HIV Patients in Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta-Indonesia. J Respirol Indones. 2011;30(1).

Pratiwi C. Prevalensi Penyakit Komorbid Infeksi Paru Pada Pasien HIV/ AIDS Rawat Inap RSCM Tahun 2010 Serta Faktor- Faktor Yang Berhubungan. 2011;

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Buku Petunjuk TB-HIV untuk Petugas Kesehatan. 2016;1–28.

Agbaji et al. Factor Associated With Pulmonary Tuberculosis-HIV Coinfection In tratment-Naive Adult in Jon Nort Central Nigeria. 2013;

Djauzi S. Penatalaksanaan Infeksi HIV. 1996.

Arora S, De Sousa AA. Plasma viral load, CD4 count and HIV associated dementia. Natl J Med Res. 2013;3(1):13–5.

WHO. Consolidated Guidelines On The Use Of Antiretroviral Drugs For Treating HIV Infection. 2016;87–9.

Ismail I. Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes and The Predictors for Survival of TB / HIV Co-Infected Patients in The Klang Valley, Malaysia. Thesis. 2014;

Nursalam. dan NDK. Asuhan Keperawatan pada Pasien Terinfeksi HIV/AIDS. 2009.

GKarim A. SS, Naidoo K, Grobler A, Padayatchi N, Baxter C GA. Integration of Antiretroviral Therapy with Tuberculosis Treatment. Bone [Internet]. 2011;23(1):1–7. Available from:







How to Cite

Pertiwi I, Windiyaningsih C, Rusli A, Murtiani F. HIV-TB Co-Infection: A Cross-Sectional Study. J Keskom [Internet]. 2023 May 15 [cited 2024 Apr. 22];9(1):173-81. Available from: