Stress Management Strategy of Nurse During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Phenomenological Study

Strategi Pengelolaan Stres Perawat Selama Masa Pandemi Covid-19 : Studi Fenomenologi


  • Sekani Niriyah Sekani Niriyah
  • Hema Malini Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Andalas
  • Feri Fernandes Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Andalas
  • Heppi Sasmita Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Padang



COVID-19. Pandemi, Perawat, Strategi pengelolaan stress


The COVID-19 pandemic is spreading rapidly almost all over the world and has an effect on all aspects, especially in health services. Nursing is the profession with the highest interaction time with COVID-19 patients and is the profession that reports the most psychological impacts due to the pandemic. Changes in treatment procedures, working in areas of risk of infection and the unpredictability of this pandemic have become a source of stress for nurses. Nurses are required to be able to manage the stress they feel in maintaining mental health and optimizing services. This study is part of a qualitative method that explores experiences related to nurses' stress management strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research participants were 9 people, namely nurses who worked in the COVID-19 treatment room and were selected based on the purposive sampling technique. The study was conducted at 3 hospitals in Pekanbaru and started at the end of June 2021 until early August 2021. Data collection was carried out by interviewing techniques and data analysis techniques using Collaizy analysis. The results of this study indicate that doing activities that you like, telling stories with others, taking vitamins, and taking time to rest are strategies that are used to manage perceived stress. Nurses are able to perform good stress management in an effort to maintain mental health during the pandemic. Cooperation from various parties is needed to achieve success in dealing with the pandemic.


Download data is not yet available.


Blake, H., Bermingham, F., Johnson, G., & Tabner, A. (2020). Mitigating the psychological impact of covid-19 on healthcare workers: a digital learning package. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(9), 1-15. doi:10.3390/ijerph17092997

CNN Indonesia. (2021). IDI : kematian nakes RI tertinggi ke 5 di Dunia.

D. Hu., et all (2020). Fortline nurses’ burnout, anxiety, depression, and fear statuses and their associated factor during the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China : a large-scale cross-sectional study. Eclinical Medicine, 24. doi: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100424

Hu, Z., & Chen, B. (2020). The status of psychological issue among frontline health workers confronting the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemi. Frontiers in Public Health, 8 (June). 2019-2021. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.00265

Kemenkes RI. (2020b). Protokol pelayanan dukungan kesehatan jiwa dan psikososial bagi petugas kesehatan pada pandemi coronavirus disease (covid-19) di fasilitas pelayanan kesehatan. Jakarta : Kemenkes RI

Mark A, R., Ian H, S., & Thomas E, J. (2020). Suicide mortality and coronavirus disease 2019- a perfect storm. Psychological Review, 77(11), 1093–1094. doi:10.1037/a0018697

Nabila Tashandra. (2020). Akibat covid-19, tenaga kesehatan juga butuh konsultasi kesehatan mental. Diakses

Preti, E., et all. (2020). The Psychological Impact of Epidemic and Pandemic Outbreaks on Healthcare Workers: Rapid Review of the Evidence. Current Psychiatry Reports, 22(8). doi:10.1007/s11920-020-01166-z

Shechter, A., et all. (2020). Psychological distress, coping behaviors, and preferences for support among New York healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. General Hospital Psychiatry, 66, 1–8. doi:10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2020.06.007







How to Cite

Sekani Niriyah, Malini H, Fernandes F, Sasmita H. Stress Management Strategy of Nurse During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Phenomenological Study: Strategi Pengelolaan Stres Perawat Selama Masa Pandemi Covid-19 : Studi Fenomenologi. J Keskom [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 May 28];8(1):14-20. Available from: