Implementasi Progressive Muscle Relaxation Efektif Menurunkan Kecemasan Anak SDN Tangkilsari 1 Banten Sebagai Penguat Program Reopen School

Implementation of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Effectively Reduces Anxiety in SDN Tangkilsari 1 Banten Children as Reinforcement for Reopen School Program

Authors

  • casman Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan RS Husada
  • Veronica Yeni Rahmawati Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan RS Husada
  • Ernawati Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan RS Husada
  • Puspita Hanggit Lestari Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan RS Husada
  • Malianti Silalahi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan RS Husada
  • Rio Nardo STIE KBP Padang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25311/jpkk.Vol2.Iss1.1166

Keywords:

anxiety, progressive muscle relaxation, elementary student, reopen school

Abstract

Pandemi COVID-19 membawa dampak buruk pada anak, terutama anak sekolah yang mengalami kecemasan karena rencana sekolah kembali setelah sekian lama menjalani penutupan sekolah. Rencana pemerintah untuk kembali membuka sekolah secara tatap muka pun dirasa belum sepenuhnya siap. Hal ini terlihat dari rendahnya angka anak memakai masker dan mengikuti protokol kesehatan. Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini bertujuan mengedukasi siswa terkait protokol kesehatan dan implementasi relaksasi otot progresif untuk menurunkan kecemasan sebagai pendukung kesiapan program kembali sekolah. Metode yang digunakan yaitu edukasi penggunaan masker dan prosedur cuci tangan serta implementasi relaksasi sebanyak tiga kali seminggu dengan durasi 30 menit tiap sesi relaksasi pada 21 siswa SDN Tangkilsari 1 Pandeglang Banten. Pengukuran kecemasan menggunakan instrumen HARS. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa 100% siswa mampu memperagakan penggunaan masker dan cuci tangan 6 langkah dengan benar. Hasil juga menunjukkan terjadi penurunan nadi dan skala kecemasan secara signifikan setelah penerapan relaksasi otot progresif (p=0,001). Penurunan nadi setelah relaksasi penurunan nadi 8,81±8,171. Kecemasan anak yang sebelumnya ada pada tingkat kecemasan sedang menjadi kecemasan ringan pada post test pertama dan kedua, serta pengukuran post test ketiga rerata tidak ada kecemasan pada siswa. Pengabdian masyarakat berupa edukasi protokol kesehatan dan implementasi PMR ternyata terbukti meningkatkan kesiapan siswa untuk kembali sekolah. 

Abstrack

Children have been negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly student who are anxious as a result of school closures. The government's plan to restart face-to-face classrooms is still in the works. The low number of student who follow health routines exemplifies this point. As a supporter of the preparedness for the return to school program, this community service activity aims to educate student about health protocols and the use of progressive muscle relaxation to decrease anxiety. The approach employed included teaching on the usage of masks and hand washing procedures, as well as the application of relaxation three times a week for 21 students from SDN Tangkilsari 1 Pandeglang Banten, with each relaxation session 30 minutes. Anxiety is measured with the HARS instrument. The results showed that all students were able to demonstrate proper mask wearing and hand washing procedures. After using progressive muscle relaxation, the pulse and anxiety scales both decreased significantly (p = 0.001). Pulse 8.81±8.171 was reduced after relaxation. Children's anxiety that was previously at a moderate level of anxiety became mild anxiety in the first and second post-tests, as well as in the third post-test measurement of the average level of anxiety in students. Community service in the form of education on health protocols and the implementation of PMR was proven to increase students' readiness to return to school.

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Published

2022-04-29

How to Cite

casman, Rahmawati, V. ., Ernawati, Lestari, P., Silalahi, M. ., & Nardo, R. (2022). Implementasi Progressive Muscle Relaxation Efektif Menurunkan Kecemasan Anak SDN Tangkilsari 1 Banten Sebagai Penguat Program Reopen School: Implementation of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Effectively Reduces Anxiety in SDN Tangkilsari 1 Banten Children as Reinforcement for Reopen School Program. Jurnal Pengabdian Kesehatan Komunitas, 2(1), 28–35. https://doi.org/10.25311/jpkk.Vol2.Iss1.1166